Perlovka: glycemic index, calorie content, useful properties and consumption norms

In the article, we will consider what is the glycemic index of barley.

Perhaps many people know how useful cereals are, from which you can cook various cereals. Such dishes not only benefit, but also help to add variety to the diet. Pearl barley is especially popular among an extensive assortment of cereals, but not everyone knows what its properties are, therefore they are treated with some degree of neglect.

barley glycemic index

How is pearl barley made?

Some people think that there is a plant with that name. However, in fact, the cereal is made from barley, during the processing of which bran is removed (top layer), and then the grain is ground and polished. Krupa owes its name to the words "pearl" or "pearl" for the similarity of the shape and color of processed grains with real pearls. Most often porridge is made from pearl barley, the useful properties of which are proved even by Japanese scientists, despite the rice cult that they have. Barley is a storehouse of many useful substances required by the human body.

The glycemic barley index is of interest to many.

Useful properties of pearl barley

There are several types of pearl barley:

  • simple - groats made from whole barley, from which only the shell was removed;
  • barley groats - common barley, in fact, but in crushed form;
  • "Dutch" - whole grain cereals, which went through a deeper and stronger processing.

From pearl barley, you can cook both friable cereals and soups.

Most often, people want to know the glycemic index of boiled pearl barley. We will talk about this below.

Croup contains so many minerals and vitamins in its composition that it can compete, for example, with oatmeal. These are vitamins PP, A, B, D, E. Minerals: copper, phosphorus, manganese, bromine, zinc, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, strontium, iodine.

Fiber barley is the undisputed leader among all cereals in terms of fiber content, even ahead of wheat.

glycemic index barley on water

Pearl barley diet foods are recommended not only for people with diabetes. Its low glycemic index has become the reason for popularity among those people who are trying to lose weight.

Due to the fact that pearl barley contains a lot of selenium in its composition, it is a very strong antioxidant. Pearl barley in the diet will have a beneficial effect on brain activity, since the “pearls” even overtake fish in terms of phosphorus content. In addition, thanks to barley, molybdenum, manganese, chromium and copper are replenished. This porridge contains almost all B vitamins, which ensures a normal degree of hemoglobin, and vitamin PP, which preserves the nervous system and reduces cholesterol.

I wonder what is the glycemic index of barley boiled in water?

Calorie intake

The most dietary recipe is barley cooked in water. If you cook it with butter and milk, it becomes more high-calorie, and with vegetables - less high-calorie. Per 100 grams, the calorie content of the product is as follows:

  • dry pearl barley - 315 kcal;
  • pearl barley porridge cooked in milk - 156;
  • barley cooked on water - 109;
  • porridge in butter and milk - 178;
  • porridge on water with the addition of butter - 131;
  • boiled pearl barley with pumpkin - 63.
barley glycemic index and calorie content

It should be noted at the same time that low-calorie cereal is nutritious and nutritious, only two tablespoons of porridge allow people not to feel hunger for a long time.

Nutritionists say that for an adult, the daily intake of pearl barley is 150 grams.

Glycemic index

In pearl barley, this indicator depends on how it is prepared. For ordinary cereals, its value is from 20 to 30 units.

What is the glycemic index of pearl barley on water?

Barley boiled on water has a slightly changed upward GI. If the cereal is cooked intensively in milk, then the barley glycemic index is able to reach an indicator of 60 to 70 units.

Pearl barley diet foods are recommended not only for people with diabetes. Due to the low glycemic index, barley in the finished form has become popular among losing weight.

boiled water glycemic index

Porridge on the water

The dish contains pearl barley, salt and water. Barley porridge in the water, like the cereal itself, has lysine in its composition - an essential amino acid that the human body cannot independently produce. Lysine is involved in the production of collagen, has a rejuvenating and wound healing effect. In barley porridge, cooked in milk, there are coarse dietary fibers that are not digested by the human body. They work as a kind of "brush" for the walls of the intestine. The product has a low glycemic index, from 20 to 23 units, and therefore pearl barley cooked on water is allowed for use by diabetics.

Barley porridge can be boiled in water in several ways. The most common pearl barley, not subjected to lengthy processing, as well as retaining all the beneficial properties, must be soaked previously in cold water for several hours. Then the water is drained, the barley is poured with cold fresh water in a ratio of 1: 3, cooked in a water bath or low heat for 30-45 minutes, until the liquid is completely absorbed. It is necessary to salt the porridge at the very end of its preparation, and it is even better to sprinkle it before serving with sea salt (more useful). If there is no time to fully soak the cereals, it can be poured with boiling water, and then cook in a convenient way for about an hour. The proportion of barley and water remains the same - 1: 3.

Boiled pearl barley porridge on the water is a universal side dish, which is served in its pure form with added overcooking (carrots, onions, seasonings, garlic) in the form of lean, hearty pilaf. Barley boiled on water is added instead of rice to lean and stuffed cabbage rolls, used as a filling for pancakes and pies, as an ingredient in cold appetizers and salads.

barley glycemic index in finished form

Barley soup with barley: a classic recipe

Very rich and at the same time light soup, its taste benefits largely from the addition of pearl barley. In the kitchen should be:

  • beef (500 grams);
  • water (2.5 liters);
  • friable boiled barley (two tablespoons);
  • cucumber pickle (300 g);
  • potato (400 g);
  • pickles (150 g);
  • one carrot;
  • one onion;
  • sunflower oil (tablespoon);
  • two bay leaves;
  • black pepper, dill, salt.

To prepare a delicious pickle, it is necessary to cook the beef broth, as soon as it is ready, add potatoes to it, cook for another ten minutes, then add boiled barley, it is advisable to cook it beforehand. Then fry the dressing in oil (carrots, onions and cucumbers) and transfer to soup. Add brine, put pepper and bay leaf in a pan. Once the potatoes are ready, you need to chop the dill in soup and let it brew. It is impossible to break the diet, as the pickle with pearl barley has only 38 calories per 100 grams.

The glycemic index of pickle with pearl barley is low, and this is wonderful. It is equal to approximately 37.5 units per serving.

What and how can be treated with pearl barley?

glycemic index of pickle with pearl barley

The list of disorders that can be treated thanks to pearl barley turned out to be quite impressive:

  • It has a positive effect on the nervous system.
  • The lysine contained in pearl barley improves the production of collagen in the human body, which positively affects the skin and makes it supple and smooth.
  • Barley strengthens bone tissue.
  • With many different diseases, you can use a decoction of pearl barley. It has anti-inflammatory, enveloping, analgesic, softening, antispasmodic and diuretic effects.
  • With the help of barley, cough and colds, obesity and constipation, as well as various pathologies of the mammary glands are treated.

Contraindications to the use of pearl barley

Due to the gluten contained in pearl barley, its excessive use is undesirable for pregnant women.

If people suffer from constipation, gastrointestinal diseases, etc., porridge from pearl barley should not be abused, since it contributes to excessive gas formation.

Barley can be dangerous for men in the sense that it is possible to reduce sexual desire with excessive use.

The amino acids that make up cereals can cause an allergic reaction.

Most of the nutrients in the finished pearl dish disappear during cooling. That is why nutritionists advise eating it hot.

glycemic index


The indisputable beneficial properties of pearl barley make it possible to call it a truly necessary product in the family diet. In this case, it is not necessary to cook porridge. Some will like the soup more, others will like the dessert. Perlovka also has another indisputable advantage - low price. Cooking time can not be called a disadvantage, because the minutes spent will be offset by a great taste.

We examined the glycemic index and calorie barley.


All Articles