White cabbage is the most popular type of cabbage in Russia. Growing this vegetable under the name "Aschi" began in Ancient Iberia about 4,000 years ago. Cabbage was cultivated from wild mustard, which grows in large numbers in the Mediterranean. The taste and useful properties of white cabbage in ancient times were appreciated. It grows in a temperate climate and is well stored, therefore it gained special popularity in Europe and Asia. Today, the largest number grows in China. Cabbage was imported to Russia from Western Europe. What are the vitamins in white cabbage? How is it useful and can it do harm? About this and not only - in the article.
How to choose and store
The leaves of young cabbage should be juicy green, and the head should be hard, soft cabbage will probably turn out to be rotten. Loosely pressed leaves indicate possible damage to the vegetable, a maximum of a few may lag behind the head of cabbage. Avoid dark spots or dots on the leaves. After cutting, the cabbage gradually loses vitamin C. Therefore, wrap it tightly in a plastic wrap so that the vitamins are stored for a longer period.
Keep cabbage in the refrigerator. It is advisable to eat the cut vegetable within 2 weeks. Then white cabbage simply loses its useful properties.
Before use, cut and discard the outer leaves.
The chemical composition of white cabbage is quite rich. The vegetable contains a large number of proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, trace elements and macrocells. A wide variety of vitamins is of particular value: ascorbic, folic, folic, tartronic, nicotinic, pantogenic acids, thiamine, riboflavin.
What are the vitamins in white cabbage? You can see their contents in the table.
mg / 100g
Useful properties of white cabbage
Green leaves that are outside contain a lot of folic acid (vitamin B9). It speeds up the metabolism, improves blood circulation. Folic acid is required for use during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, when the laying of the internal organs of the baby occurs.
Tartronic acid has the ability to accelerate the breakdown of fat. Acid can not cope with existing sides, but will prevent the appearance of new fatty deposits. Under the influence of heat treatment, it is destroyed, therefore it is beneficial when using the product in its raw form.
A high concentration of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) provides good immunity, prevents the appearance of tumors. 200 grams of cabbage is enough to get a daily intake of vitamin C. It appears after heat treatment of the vegetable.
Potassium helps remove unwanted water from the body. In addition, it regulates the pressure, is involved in conducting nerve impulses. But sauerkraut, on the contrary, retains fluid due to the large amount of salt.
Juice speeds up digestion, has a cold action, as it is a good expectorant. It should be diluted with juice from beets and carrots.
Niacin protects against cardiovascular disease.
Vitamin K strengthens bones and teeth.
Vitamin U (S-methylmethionine) was found by studying cabbage juice in the forties. The main useful quality is the restoration of the mucous membrane of the digestive system from damage caused by an ulcer.
The body should receive 150–250 mg of this vitamin per day. It is found only in food, the body does not synthesize it. The amount of vitamin U in cabbage is much higher than in any other vegetables. Its deficiency causes the appearance of ulcerative erosion. Supporters of cigarettes and alcohol are at risk. There is no overdose of S-methylmethionine. The benefits and harm to the body of white cabbage should be known to everyone, so that after its use there are no unpleasant consequences. So, let's get acquainted with what harm this vegetable can bring.
Fresh white cabbage contains goitrogens - substances that are formed in the intestine under the influence of its microflora.
- lower iodine levels, which leads to disruption of the thyroid gland;
- get through the placenta to the fetus;
- increase the amount of iodine in breast milk, which is fraught with cretinism and hypothyroidism of the child;
- cause goiter - a change in the size of the thyroid gland;
- increase the risk of infection with thyroid cancer.
In sauerkraut and heat-treated cabbage, the amount of goitrogen is reduced by 90%. The harm is caused by the use of a large amount of product in a fresh unprocessed form.
In addition to goitrogens, there are nitrites in cabbage - compounds that stimulate the penetration of cyanides into tissues. When combined with hydrochloric acid of the stomach, they form hydrocyanic acid.
Cabbage juice from cabbage containing nitrates is unhealthy. Black dots or spots on its leaves indicate the presence of nitrates.
For some diseases of the digestive system, it is forbidden to drink cabbage juice. These include pancreatitis and gastritis.
Nursing mother should refuse cabbage, so as not to provoke colic in the baby.
The use of white cabbage in folk medicine
The useful properties of white cabbage began to be used to treat ailments in ancient times. To date, the effectiveness of this vegetable against many diseases has been proven experimentally.
There is a lot of vitamin C in sauerkraut. Juice from it strengthens the body, improves immunity, and improves appetite.
With diseases of the stomach
Cabbage juice prevents the appearance of ulcers and fights with existing ones, relieves pain. It is very useful to take it at low acidity. Drinking juice while eating reduces the risk of gastrointestinal diseases.
For joint pain
A quarter cup of cabbage juice drunk after a meal, along with a compress, can significantly reduce pain. For a compress to grated cabbage, add a little horseradish and attach to a sore joint. The soreness will soon pass.
It helps to relieve pain by applying cabbage leaves to the affected areas.
With liver diseases
Before lunch, you should drink 50 g of juice. Treatment should be carried out within a week.
It is recommended to attach a leaf of cabbage and lie with your eyes closed for an hour. This method will help relieve swelling and eliminate pain.
In folk medicine, fresh cabbage leaves are advised to be applied to purulent wounds. The treatment of mastopathy is considered effective. Cabbage juice with honey treats pulmonary tuberculosis. Stumps and roots have an antitumor effect.
In the absence of appetite and for the prevention of stomach diseases, drink fresh juice for half a glass (then a week in a glass) on an empty stomach, during lunch and in the evening half an hour before meals.
Putting cabbage as a food for the baby
Only a pediatrician can tell exactly at what age white cabbage can be introduced to infants. Each child is unique and can react ambiguously to different products.
Cabbage, like any other new product, should be introduced into the diet gradually. It is best to add it to soups to other vegetables. The kid will like boiled white cabbage, baked, steamed. It is strictly forbidden to fry cabbage for a small child.
If there are gazikov cabbage must be removed from the diet of the baby until his gastrointestinal tract is strengthened.
Cabbage is rare, but can cause an allergic reaction. In this case, it is necessary to call a doctor and exclude the allergen.
Cabbage recipes for children
Children enjoy white cabbage due to its delicate taste. In order for a child to love cabbage dishes, it is necessary to prepare recipes adapted for children.
Braised cabbage: 500 g cabbage, 30 g butter, a glass of milk, 100 ml water, salt. Cut cabbage and stain in a mixture of milk and water. Salt after softening and simmer over low heat. Add butter. Serve with potatoes or rice.
Cabbage schnitzels: 500 g cabbage, 50 g breadcrumbs for breading, 30 g cream, a small egg, vegetable oil, salt. The recipe is for 2 meals. Wash cabbage, peel, boil, discard in a colander. After cooling, it is good to squeeze and mold the schnitzels a centimeter or a half thick. Dip in egg, then in crackers. Fry on both sides. Serve with sour cream.
For it you will need: 300 g of cabbage, 2 tbsp. l semolina, 2 tsp. butter, 200 ml of milk, a spoon of sour cream, salt.
Pour milk into the stewpan, put chopped cabbage, simmer for 15 minutes. Salt, add a little semolina, actively interfering. Cook until soft cabbage. Put in the form, send to the oven for a couple of minutes. Serve with sour cream and boiled egg.
Ten day cabbage diet
Calorie cabbage - 27 kcal / 100 grams.
The cabbage diet is considered very effective because of the low calorie content of the main ingredient - cabbage. At the same time, it contains a sufficient amount of vitamins, microelements, macroelements and fiber for the body.
Cabbage contains fewer calories than other varieties. The lowest calorie content in sauerkraut is 18 kcal per 100 grams.
- with severe hunger it is allowed to eat an unlimited number of cabbage leaves;
- every 3 days instead of fresh cabbage, use sauerkraut;
- drink about 1.5 liters of mineral water;
- drink coffee in the morning to speed up the metabolism;
- give up salt and sugar for the duration of the diet;
- alcohol and sweets are strictly prohibited.
For 10 days of dieting, it is realistic to lose 6 to 9 kg based on metabolic rate. In order to avoid reverse weight gain after a diet, you should adhere to proper nutrition. The cabbage diet stimulates the work of the stomach, and due to the low salt intake, the body will clear itself of toxins. It is recommended to keep the diet on vacation, because low calorie cabbage can lead to poor health.
White Cabbage Diet
Young cabbage, ripening in late spring - early summer, is very tender and great for salads and green borsch. Vegetables ripening in autumn are more suitable for stewing and pickling.
We present to your attention recipes for dietary dishes from white cabbage for weight loss.
Stewed cabbage with tomatoes
To prepare this dish, the following products will suffice: a head of cabbage, 2 onion heads, 5 tomatoes, vegetable oil, dill.
Chop cabbage, add salt, leave for a while. Stew tomatoes in their own juice. Squeeze cabbage, transfer to a pan with grated tomatoes. Simmer over low heat. Add the fried onions. Serve the dish hot.
Cabbage under cheese in the oven
Cooking this delicious low-calorie meal is a snap. You need to take: 1 kg of cabbage, 50 g of oil, 200 g of cheese, a liter of water.
Wash, peel, cut the cabbage into several parts and boil until soft. After carefully transfer to a sieve to glass the liquid. Put in a mold, add oil, sprinkle with cheese and bake for 7 minutes. It is preferable to use the dish chilled.
Sauerkraut with sour cream and mushrooms
The set of ingredients for this dish is as follows: 2 cups sauerkraut, 3 dried mushrooms, fresh mushrooms, half a glass of sour cream, salt.
Boil the mushrooms. Scald sauerkraut with hot water, squeeze and add to the mushroom broth. Add finely chopped mushrooms, salt to taste. Boil, add sour cream and boil for a couple of minutes. Serve as a snack or side dish.
In order to implement this recipe, the following products are needed: 300 g of cabbage, 80 g of cilantro, 4 eggs, 8 tablespoons of flour, garlic, olive oil, spices.
To finely chopped cabbage add flour, eggs, chopped cilantro and a little butter. Season, mix. Heat olive oil with a clove of garlic in a pan. Fry fritters on both sides, shift into shape. Oven in oven for 5 minutes at 180 degrees. Serve with sour cream.
Lenten cabbage dishes. Spring Salad
To prepare this tasty and healthy salad you need: 500 g of cabbage, 2 cucumbers, parsley, 25 g of lemon juice, soy sauce, linseed oil, salt, sesame.
Finely chop the dill, chop the cucumbers into cubes, chop the cabbage. Then salt and squeeze. For dressing, mix lemon juice, soy sauce, walnut oil and sesame seeds. Season the salad and sprinkle with sesame seeds.
Stewed cabbage with apples
Before you start cooking this delicious dish, make sure that your kitchen has the following ingredients: a small head of cabbage, a couple of cucumbers, an apple, 2 tablespoons of soy sauce, a spoonful of vegetable oil.
Cut the cabbage into thin slices, cut the cucumbers and apple into thin slices. Simmer all together for half an hour, add soy sauce.
Stuffed cabbage from vegetables
In order to prepare this lean dish of white cabbage, you need: 800 g of cabbage, 150 g of rice, half a liter of tomato juice, 50 ml of vegetable oil, 3 tomatoes, 3 onions, 2 carrots, herbs, spices.
Disassemble the cabbage into leaves, pour over boiling water. Chop onions and carrots into cubes and fry until golden. Put rice and 250 ml of tomato juice. Stew for 10 minutes. Finely chop the tomatoes and herbs, add to the rice, salt, pepper, mix. The mixture is wrapped in cabbage leaves. Put cabbage rolls in a pan, pour a mixture of tomato juice with water and simmer for about an hour.
Ingredients: 500 g cabbage, 500 g young peas, 1 bell pepper, 1 onion, 2 carrots, 3 tomatoes, spices.
Chop onion, tomatoes, chop cabbage. Grate the carrots. Bell pepper cut into strips. Put vegetables in boiling water. After boiling add peas and spices. Cook until soft vegetables.