Menopausal neurosis is a common problem faced by a woman of Balzac age. This is an unpleasant period in life, but, alas, inevitable. Changes occur not only on the hormonal level, but also on the mental. They are observed in more than half of patients. What to do with it? Let's look at the article.
Feature of neurosis with menopause
Climacteric neurosis is the state of the psyche of a woman in which changes of a vegetative-nervous nature occur. To a greater extent, such transformations are associated with metamorphoses of the hormonal background. Pathological changes occur during the functioning of the hypothalamic centers of the nervous system.
This is a serious serious disease, which you need to pay attention to in a timely manner and begin treatment. In the early stages, this ailment manifests itself weakly, but in a neglected form, serious consequences are possible. Changes in the structure of a woman’s personality are not ruled out.
According to statistics, almost 60% of women who have menopause have menopausal neurosis. Previously, doctors associated the disease with a lack of hormones. However, modern medicine is reflected in age-related changes in the work of the hypothalamus.
The causes of neurosis during menopause lie in changes in the hormonal background. These transformations affect the psychological state of a woman. Such changes reinforce the symptoms of the pathological process.
An important role is played by external factors:
- hereditary predisposition;
- personality traits of a person;
- stressful situations (past and present);
- weak immune system;
- overstrain of the body;
- wrong lifestyle;
- lack of useful elements in the body;
- chronic overwork;
- systematic lack of sleep (sleep disturbance).
Menopausal neurosis can be caused by either one cause or several. The specific origin of the disease can only be determined by a doctor. He will be able to adequately assess the situation and prescribe the necessary therapy. Serious mental disorders or disturbances in metabolic and vegetovascular processes can be hidden under seemingly harmless symptoms.
Signs of neurosis during menopause
The described condition with menopause manifests itself brightly. Its main characteristic features:
- chronic fatigue;
- profuse sweating;
- sudden awakenings in the middle of the night (hard to sleep);
- the development of hypertension;
- sharp jumps in blood pressure;
- heart ailments;
- mood swings;
- noise in ears;
- unstable emotional background;
- negative perception of one’s appearance;
- loss of appetite.
In some cases, menopause and neurosis are not interrelated concepts. In some women, neurosis during menopause does not occur. However, changes are occurring in the behavior. The perception of the world is changing.
Menopause neurosis as a mental disorder
Menopause neurosis may include one type of disorder or a combination thereof. There are 4 types of such disorders:
- Asthenic appearance (memory worsens, fatigue occurs, performance decreases sharply).
- Depressive look (mood changes in a negative direction).
- Hypochondriacal appearance (obsessive anxiety, panic attacks with menopause, attributing unnecessary diseases to oneself, excessive anxiety about one’s state of health).
- Hysterical look (instability in stressful situations, even with the slightest trouble, resentment, moodiness, tearfulness).
Stages of the development of neurosis with menopause
Menopausal menopause develops gradually. Doctors distinguish three stages of its development:
- First stage. The first signs of the disease appear, which, as a rule, are unstable. Because of this, a woman can attribute the appeared changes in behavior to ordinary fatigue.
- The second stage is the height of the disease. At this stage, the woman is already seriously starting to worry about her health. If the disease is not treated at this stage, then it will gradually take a chronic form.
- The third stage is a chronic disease. During its course, changes in the structure of personality are observed. In this case, even with the right therapy, it will be difficult to correct the situation.
The stability of the metabolic processes is affected by the hypothalamus, and during menopause, their violation can cause such a serious disease as osteoporosis. Usually in the third stage of the disease, the hypothalamus especially affects the emotional state of a woman. Neurosis and menopause, the symptoms, the age and treatment of which will be highlighted later, are the consequences of the brain. Moreover, changes are dictated by age.
Scientists constantly argue about how common neurotic disorders are among women with menopause. Many endocrinologists, gynecologists, psychotherapists have come to a single conclusion: neurosis with menopause appears in almost half of women.
Symptoms of menopausal neurosis
This disease manifests itself both on the physical and on the vegetative level. The main symptoms are:
- hot flashes (blushing face, neck, shoulders);
- increased sweat production;
- dizziness, tinnitus;
- constipation or flatulence;
- pain during urination and itching in the genital area;
- paresthesia - “goosebumps”;
- increased fragility of bones;
- cardiovascular diseases.
Additional symptoms include:
- sharp changes in the emotional background and mood;
- indifference to one’s own appearance or excessive attention to it.
A dangerous complication of menopausal neurosis manifests itself in the form of depression, apathy, and isolation in oneself. The reason for such a depressed internal state is that a woman feels “unsuitable” because her reproductive function has faded.
Depression, although treated medically, is very weak. Often a woman who suffers from climacteric neurosis has suicidal tendencies. Mania, panic attacks and depressive states can alternate.
Changes in the hormonal background entail consequences. Among the serious complications, breast and female genital cancer, mastopathy, osteoporosis are distinguished.
The appearance of wrinkles is the main symptom of menopausal neurosis. Weight, body shape and posture may change.
How is VSD manifested in menopausal neurosis?
With menopause, it is difficult to diagnose vegetovascular dystonia. Menopausal neurosis with vegetative-vascular disorders is similar in symptoms. The main difference is that neurosis with menopause affects the level of sex hormones, and with VSD, it affects the features of the autonomic system. It is more difficult if both ailments occur in a woman’s body at the same time. In this case, the following symptoms occur:
- jumps pressure;
- there is an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth;
- frequent urination;
- Strong headache;
- fear accompanied by panic and hysteria;
- pain in the heart.
Most often, the psyche of patients becomes the culprit of this condition. Because they set themselves up for a constant negative. In this case, the work of the heart is accelerated, blood pressure jumps and a general malaise occurs. If you experience these symptoms, you should consult a doctor who specializes in psychotherapy for vegetovascular dystonia.
In menopausal neurosis, symptoms and treatment are interrelated concepts. So, with a weak clinical picture, the signs of neurosis will pass by themselves over time. There will be no mental consequences during menopause.
Serious treatment is required for those women whose symptoms of neurosis significantly affect normal functioning, causing maladaptation in society.
Treatment should be comprehensive. The following basic principles should be adhered to:
- observe diet, sleep and wakefulness;
- refuse tea, coffee, hot spices and foods rich in cholesterol;
- in the diet should be dairy products, vegetables and fruits;
- sleep is the main component of treatment (if insomnia, it is better to take sleeping pills);
- treatment in sanatoriums and frequent walks in the fresh air are shown;
- massage, herbal medicine, hydrotherapy;
- Exercise therapy;
- regular visits to a psychologist.
In especially difficult cases, the doctor prescribes medications that help restore hormonal levels.
To restore the hormonal background in the fight against neurosis, hormonal drugs are prescribed. They are usually classified into two categories:
- artificial (synthetic);
- homeopathic (phytohormones that have a mild effect).
The drug "Klimadinon" is especially popular and in demand. This is a kind of sedative with menopause, which affects vegetation. However, this drug has a number of contraindications. You should not start taking it yourself. Only as directed by the doctor.
Doctors recommend the drug "Grandaxinum" for menopausal neurosis. Reviews of doctors and patients about him are mostly positive. Doctors prescribe this drug during nervous exacerbations in the fall and spring. According to experts, thanks to the positive effects of the medication, effective support of the nervous system is provided. This medicine is a potent tranquilizer, which has a pronounced sedative effect.
This is another recommended remedy that will help to survive menopause. So says about "Klimaktoplan" instructions for use. The price and reviews of the drug are more than acceptable. This homeopathic remedy includes substances that modulate estrogen activity.
The responses claim that thanks to this medicine, anxiety, anxiety, and panic attacks go away. This is due to the normalization of the autonomic functions of the central nervous system. In particular, the state of the endocrine, cardiovascular system, as well as the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands is stabilized.
The drug can not be taken with individual sensitivity to the components, it is also prohibited during pregnancy, lactation. So it is said about "Klimaktoplan" in the instructions for use. The price (reviews claim that the cost of the drug is quite reasonable) is 608 rubles. The tablets are absorbed three times a day, 1-2 pieces on an empty stomach.
If a woman accepts hormonal changes, reconciles with them, then this is half the success of therapy. The main thing is to timely resort to the treatment of the first symptoms.
Proper nutrition, healthy lifestyles, stable sleep and a positive attitude to the world are the components of the fight against menopause neurosis.