Diet for hypertension: prohibitions and restrictions

Hypertension is a common disease that is often diagnosed in modern medical practice. It is quite difficult to completely cure it, especially in old age, but it is quite possible to ensure its uncomplicated course and significantly reduce the number of relapses.

The methods of treating hypertension are very different and depend on the age category of the patient, the specifics of the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient, however, anyway, productive treatment should be comprehensive and prescribed by a doctor. In addition, a correctly selected daily diet is a part of general strengthening therapy, which significantly facilitates the general condition of hypertensive patients and does not provoke additional pressure surges. Let's try to study in more detail what the diet should be for hypertension.

Products from the Tabu Group

There are certain categories of products that are completely excluded from the daily menu of patients with hypertension. So, it is necessary to rid the body of the intake of coffee, cocoa and strong tea, that is, products with a predominance of caffeine in the composition. In addition, the use of spicy food, pickles, smoked meats, preservatives and spices is not recommended.

The diet for hypertension also excludes fatty dishes, that is, it is not prudent to acquire fatty varieties of fish, meat, as well as solid fats, fish oil and ice cream. The list of restrictions included butter products and alcoholic beverages, also not provided for in the hypertonic menu. Although in most cases a glass of red good wine still does not hurt, but even vice versa.

Products from the Restrictions group

But do not assume that the diet for hypertension implies exclusively "bread and water." There are those foods and dishes that are allowed to taste, but in limited quantities. First of all, it is necessary to reduce the daily intake of table salt, and overfilling is simply unacceptable. So, it is advisable to cook food without adding salt, but slightly add salt to it in a ready-made form. You can also find a compromise solution by adding flavor to dishes with cranberries, citric acid, cinnamon, parsley, dill and cilantro. In case of relapse, salt must be completely removed from the daily diet.

Also, restrictions apply to easily digestible carbohydrates, represented by sugar, jam, honey and sweets, and animal fats, for example, sour cream and butter. The fluid intake, taking into account the first courses, should not exceed 1.2 liters per day.

Products from the Recommendations Group

So, what can be eaten with the diagnosis of "Hypertension"? The diet prescribes the inclusion in the daily menu of low-fat varieties of meat and fish, preferably in boiled form. In addition, fermented milk products and such loose cereals as buckwheat, oat and millet are recommended. Soups are mainly vegetable and vegetarian, including cereals, dairy, fruit, and the first dishes containing lean meats should be consumed no more than twice a week. Fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as foods rich in magnesium, potassium and lipotropic elements, are also useful.

Particular attention should be paid to the consumption of potassium and magnesium for hypertension. As you know, potassium stimulates the activity of the heart muscle and productively removes excess fluid from the tissues, and magnesium, in turn, has a vasodilating effect on the vessels and helps prevent their cramping. That is why the diet for hypertension recommends an increased consumption of these micronutrients, which are found in many vegetables, fruits and natural juices.

One way or another, proper nutrition, recommended hypertension, should be selected exclusively by a specialist individually in each clinical case.


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