Nutrition for gastritis: basic principles

The modern rhythm of life makes us constantly accelerate movement. Due to lack of time, we have breakfast with a cup of strong coffee, snack on sandwiches right at the workplace, forgetting about a full meal, and in the evening we allow ourselves a large portion of heavy fatty foods. This diet often causes various diseases. Gastritis is one of them. Proper nutrition for gastritis is the basis of treatment. Gastritis is acute and chronic. As a rule, the cause of acute gastritis is eating food with pathogenic bacteria, and gastritis can also indicate the presence of acute infections or metabolic disorders.

Nutrition for gastritis: a menu for the acute form of the disease

gastritis nutrition

Starvation is the first stage of a diet for a disease. On the recommendation of a doctor, it is allowed to drink unsweetened tea and boiled water. After the disappearance of acute pain, the patient is recommended to give lean meat broth. You can also cook rice or barley decoction, it is allowed to serve crackers from a regular loaf. As soon as the pain becomes less noticeable, the patient's diet can be expanded. After consulting with your doctor, you can add soft-boiled eggs, semolina, fruit jelly to light soups.

After several days, the patient’s well-being will begin to improve significantly, you can add mashed vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, spinach), boiled meat, mashed potatoes, mashed compotes to the diet. Gradually expanding the menu, you can return to the usual diet. However, for a long period of time, fried, too fatty and spicy dishes, seasonings and marinades should be avoided.

Stable malnutrition, regular stress, bad habits, uncontrolled medication - all this can lead to a chronic form of gastritis. Nutrition for chronic gastritis depends on the type of gastric secretion. Acidity can be reduced or increased.

nutrition for chronic gastritis

Nutrition for gastritis with high acidity

Reducing the acidity of gastric juice is the main task in the treatment. To do this, ensure the absence of three types of irritation:

  1. Mechanical. It is necessary to refuse food with coarse fiber (turnips, coarse meat, bran bread, radishes, granola) and foods fried in oil.

  2. Chemical. It should limit the intake of foods that stimulate gastric secretion: brown bread, saturated broths, cabbage, alcohol, coffee, citrus fruits.

  3. Thermal. To prevent irritation of the esophagus, the use of very cold and hot food should be excluded.

Diet with high acidity: lean meat; River fish; seafood; protein omelettes; milk; cereals (buckwheat, oatmeal); mashed vegetables and fruits.

Nutrition for gastritis with low acidity

To normalize the work of the stomach, it is necessary to ensure sufficient production of gastric secretion. To do this, follow the steps below.

gastritis diet

  • thorough chewing of food;

  • food intake - at least 30 minutes;

  • to stimulate secretion before meals, it is advisable to use mineral water;

  • the use of lean meats;

  • moderate consumption of non-coarse fiber vegetables and fruits;

In the treatment of gastritis, you should adhere to a regular diet: it is necessary to provide at least 4-6 basic meals per day, breaks should not be more than 2-3 hours. Good nutrition for gastritis will not only help get rid of pain symptoms, but also prevent subsequent exacerbations.


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