Discomfort in the anus in women: causes, symptoms, possible problems and treatment

In the article, we will consider why discomfort in the anus in women can occur. This condition most often distracts from everyday affairs, accompanied by anxiety. In some situations, a person is able to independently determine in which organ the pain is localized, and consult a specialist doctor for treatment.

But there are such cases when the symptoms can not determine what hurts and how to cope with it. For example, discomfort in the anus in women can be caused by various reasons, vary in intensity. Therefore, we will try to understand the nature of the appearance of such symptoms, find out what diseases this can be caused by and to whom to turn for help.

discomfort in the anus

What can cause discomfort?

To begin with, it should be noted that the concept of "discomfort" is quite broad. And it includes pain, and itching, and burning, and excessive dryness. In the case when a woman feels discomfort in the anus, this may not necessarily be due to damage to part of the rectum. Such sensations can cause diseases and other organs of the pelvis. Discomfort in the anus may be due to:

  1. Hemorrhoids, especially if it is complicated by thrombosis.
  2. Rectal injuries, including after anal sex.
  3. Sphincteritis, that is, an inflammatory process in the rectum.
  4. Paraproctitis and pararectal fistula.
  5. Proctitis.
  6. Perianal hematoma, which occurred due to rupture of veins with hemorrhoids or injury.
  7. Fecal stone, which is formed due to hardening of feces with frequent constipation.
  8. Coccyalgia, which occurs after a small tailbone injury.
  9. Oncological diseases.
  10. Cramp muscle spasm.
  11. Anal fissure.
  12. Cryptitis.

Pathology in the rectum

Most often, the cause of discomfort in the anus lies in diseases of the rectum. An ailment associated with inflammatory processes of the rectal mucosa is called proctitis. The following factors can provoke it:

discomfort in the anus in women
  • excessive consumption of spicy, spicy and alcoholic foods;
  • sexually transmitted disease - gonorrhea;
  • constant constipation, in which stagnation of venous blood in the intestine occurs, while the mucous layer is injured with fecal stones, all this can lead to infectious inflammation;
  • consequences of radiation exposure in the treatment of cancer;
  • parasitic infestations;
  • varicose hemorrhoids;
  • anal fissures;
  • inflammation in the subcutaneous fat near the rectum;
  • purulent processes;
  • pathology of the bladder and urethra;
  • inflammatory processes of the vulva, etc.

Symptoms of proctitis are most often determined by the severity of the process. The disease is accompanied by: fever, false urge to empty the intestines, frequent constipation, burning sensation. Pain appears in the anus. But in the case of chronic pathology, the symptoms will be slightly different. Often, discomfort in the anus and itching are very unpleasant.

Sometimes proctitis is characterized by swelling of the intestinal wall.

Proctitis treatment

Therapeutic therapy for such a disease is a mandatory diet in which food is consumed after mechanical, heat treatment. In addition, the amount of fiber is limited, alcohol and carbonated drinks, spicy, smoked, spicy foods are completely excluded. Antibacterial therapy is carried out. Seated baths with potassium permanganate are recommended. It is necessary to rinse the perineum with a warm shower, do enemas with infusion of chamomile or collargol. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the disease, reduce the frequency of constipation and get rid of hemorrhoids.

Why there is discomfort in the anus in women, you must definitely find out.

discomfort in the anus in women causes

Is a hemorrhoid cause possible?

The most common cause is hemorrhoids, or varicose hemorrhoidal veins. Such an ailment may appear due to:

  • chronic constipation - with a long process of attempts, a woman's blood pressure increases in the abdominal and pelvic cavity and in the vessels;
  • heredity;
  • pregnancy, especially if it is multiple;
  • pathogenesis;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • lifting heavy objects, inadequate physical activity.

Symptoms and treatment of hemorrhoids

Symptoms of hemorrhoids are mainly manifested in the anus. The disease is characterized by:

  • pain
  • burning sensation;
  • itching
  • feeling of fullness;
  • protrusion of the intestine, if it is external hemorrhoids;
  • blood in the stool;
  • bleeding (in this case, emergency medical care is already needed).

With this diagnosis, treatment is conservative and prompt. In the first case, therapy consists in the prevention and treatment of constipation, the rejection of alcohol-containing drinks, spicy and spicy foods, using adequate physical activity. Waist baths are prescribed, various gels and ointments, rectal suspensions are prescribed. Surgery is necessary in the later stages of the disease.

The cause of discomfort in the anus in women can be a neoplasm.

Benign neoplasms of the anus

Papillitis, polyposis and condylomas, in fact, are different diseases, but often even doctors are mistaken in an accurate diagnosis. Papillitis is characterized by inflammation of the papillae, which are located on the valves of the anal canal. In normal condition, they are up to 1 cm in size and do not cause any problems. But in case of inflammation, the papillae increase two to three times, they can fall out of the anus. A sick woman in this case feels a foreign body in the anus. Moreover, sometimes such a process is accompanied by pain.

discomfort in the anus in women

But polyps of the rectum pose a threat to the girl. These neoplasms grow on the rectal mucosa. There are cases when they grow on a stem, or maybe without it, and also differ in color. Most often, the disease has no symptoms, but if the polyps are oversized and are located next to the anus, they can feel like a foreign body, blood and mucus are observed in the feces.

Benign neoplasms include genital warts, which grow on the skin of the perianal region, sphincter, inside the rectum. The appearance of this ailment, many doctors associate with viruses.

At the first stage, the development of the disease is painless, but then, when the formations grow, they overlap the back opening. Sometimes condylomas form in whole groups. Symptoms are characterized by: humidity in the anus, burning, slight itching, rare pain.

How is discomfort in the anus treated in this case?

Treatment for papillitis, polyposis and condylomas

It is impossible to use conservative treatment in case of papillitis. Undeformed papillae are not dangerous for women. Only if they increase and when pain occurs, surgery is necessary. The great danger of polyps is that they can easily develop into a malignant tumor, so doctors recommend that they be removed.

Condylomas also do not lend themselves to conservative treatment, only surgical removal is indicated, and this should be done as soon as possible. What else causes discomfort in the anus in women?

Cryptitis in a woman

Cryptitis is characterized by inflammation of the sinuses in the rectal canal, due to the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into them.

If the crypt is clogged, then the feces are not covered enough with mucus and there is a delay in the feces in the anal sinuses, thereby clogging them even more. This leads to stagnation of mucus, irritation and inflammation. In the absence of therapeutic therapy, an abscess may even form. Such a disease is characterized by itching and pain in the anus. With bowel movements, the symptoms increase and mucous secretions, pus and blood clots may appear. At the initial stage, the disease can be treated conservatively, with the formation of paraproctitis or fistula, only surgical treatment is indicated.

causes of discomfort in the anus

Rectal prolapse

Unpleasant sensations in the anus in women can provoke rectal prolapse. This disease is quite serious. The cause of this condition lies in chronic constipation, excessive muscle strain during childbirth, regular anal sex, age-related changes in muscle tone. The disease has the following symptoms:

  • the sensation of a foreign body in the anus, at first the protrusion can be adjusted independently, and then the intestine does not set at all;
  • incontinence;
  • the presence of traces of feces on clothing;
  • a regular sense of moisture;
  • difficulty during bowel movements;
  • pain in the anus.

Such a disease is treated only by surgical intervention. The causes of discomfort in the anus should be determined by the doctor.

Anal fissure

With a longitudinal rupture of the mucosa of the colon of the rectum, an anal fissure occurs. The reason for its appearance is trauma after intense anal intercourse. Most often found in young women. There are two types of disease: acute and chronic. In the acute phase, severe pain occurs during and after bowel movements. A crack can heal on its own. In the chronic phase, it develops as soon as feces begin to accumulate in it, which leads to the inflammatory process. In this case, pain is intensified, possibly the appearance of fistulas and abscesses.

Other pathology

There are a lot of reasons that can cause discomfort. In detail, we examined only part of the diseases. There are some other factors that trigger itching:

  1. Damage to the anal area - dermatitis. May arise due to the used hygiene products (soap, sanitary pads, underwear, intimate lubrication, etc.), non-observance of the hygienic regimen, excessive sweating. Symptoms pass after exclusion of irritants. Perhaps the appointment of antihistamines, topical glucocorticosteroids, moisturizing ointments.
  2. All kinds of purulent skin diseases - boils, carbuncles, phlegmon, or as they are called in medicine, pyoderma. May develop due to very oily skin, accumulation of sewage in microcracks, and hygiene problems.
  3. Malignant neoplasms. At the initial stage, such an ailment passes without symptoms, but you should pay attention to the presence of a foreign body in the anus.
  4. Infection of the female body with various parasites. It is accompanied by severe itching, sometimes burning and irritation.
    itching and discomfort in the anus

How to diagnose a disease

Only a doctor can determine the diagnosis of discomfort in the anus in women, who collects the patient’s history and examines where itching occurs. In addition, the presence of hemorrhoids and other pathological processes is determined by a digital examination of the rectum. For a more accurate diagnosis, the doctor directs the patient for a clinical blood test, feces for the detection of helminths.

Treatment is prescribed depending on the cause of itching and discomfort in the anus. That is, therapy is directed not at getting rid of the symptoms, but at the disease itself:

  1. If the cause of itching in a woman is non-compliance with personal hygiene standards, then it is enough to perform daily hygiene procedures.
  2. With parasitic invasion, therapeutic therapy is carried out with special preparations for worms. The medicine can only be selected by a doctor who will take into account the pathogen, the woman's age and the presence of contraindications.
  3. Rectal suppositories are usually used to treat hemorrhoids and anal fissures.
  4. If itching has arisen on a nervous basis, then the patient will be recommended a course of sedative and antihistamines.
    discomfort in the anus

The mechanism of action of rectal suppositories

The effectiveness of suppositories from discomfort in the anus is based on their healing composition. When introduced into the anal canal, medicinal substances dissolve and have a therapeutic effect on the rectal mucosa. As a rule, the active components show only local influence and are not absorbed into the systemic circulation. The exception is hemostatic suppository. Their pharmacodynamics involves penetration into the local bloodstream in order to improve blood coagulation.

The group of anti-inflammatory suppositories includes:

  • "Posterisan Forte";
  • Diclofenac
  • Rektaktiv;
  • "Homeopathic calendula";
  • Betiol
  • "Anuzol";
  • “Beautiful girls ex-ct (belladonna leaf)”;
  • "Procto-glivenol."

Due to the fact that itching is a symptom of more serious diseases, do not delay the trip to a specialist. Do not self-medicate, this can only aggravate the situation.

We examined the main causes of discomfort in the anus.

Source: https://habr.com/ru/post/24399913739802748/

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