Persea americana - this is the scientific name of the exotic miracle fruit avocado or alligator pear due to some external similarity of the surface of the fruit with the skin of a famous reptile. The avocado fruit is also called the "oil pear" because of the consistency of its pulp. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour, a bit like a pear. This fruit belongs to the laurel family, and Perseus is a genus of about fifty evergreen shrubs and trees growing in tropical and subtropical regions.
Types of avocados. There are about 600 of them in the world. The avocado fruit has an oval, pear-shaped or round shape. The length of the fetus can be from 5 to 10 centimeters, and its weight is from 0.05 to 1.8 kg. The surface is hilly or extremely smooth, and can be expressed wrinkled. The color of the peel varies depending on the variety. Those varieties that have a hilly surface may be black or dark green in color, and fruits with a smooth surface may be green. The pulp of ripened fruit is added to salads and cold snacks, and Nobel, Fuerte, Ettlinger and Hass are considered the best varieties for cooking. They are widely used in high-end restaurants around the world.
And now about the main thing: avocado, how useful is this delicacy? First of all, the energy value superior to meat and eggs, despite the fact that it does not have a single gram of cholesterol. It is also important that in the composition of the fruit there are substances that break down the excess of cholesterol in the blood. Oily, with a delicate aroma, the flesh of this exotic fruit is saturated with a record content of polyunsaturated vegetable fats necessary for the body, which are easily digested.
All types of avocados are rich in nutrients. - This is a real storehouse of trace elements and vitamins, especially vitamin E, which has an anti-aging effect. As part of this amazing fruit, biologically active substances and natural hormones that have a rejuvenating effect on the body are also found in large quantities.
The natural “pharmacy” of avocados reduces the risk of such a dangerous disease as myocardial infarction and helps to cope with stressful situations. Avocado fruits contain thiamine and riboflavin, which are so necessary for the health of the thyroid gland, as well as for the strength of nails and silky hair. And trace elements (iron, magnesium, copper and potassium) are useful for bones and the nervous system. The content of a large amount of potassium allows you to adjust the water-salt metabolism.
Fruits widely used in medical nutrition include avocados. How useful is it? The fruit is used for diseases of the digestive tract accompanied by decreased acidity of the gastric juice, for various types of anemia, diabetes mellitus, metabolic disorders, hypertension and in the treatment of atherosclerosis. Based on the oily fruit pulp, scientists in France in the last century created a drug for the treatment of pyorrhea, scleroderma, arthrosis and eczema.
And more about avocados. How useful is this treat? For many centuries, women in South America have extended their youth with the help of avocado pulp, which has a softening, moisturizing and nourishing effect. The active substances of the pulp, penetrating deep into the skin and hair, restore and strengthen them. Avocado oil has a unique affinity for human skin fats. The beneficial substances of the oil, which have a rejuvenating effect on all skin types, are quickly absorbed without leaving a greasy mark on the face.
It remains to be clarified, speaking of avocados, than the beneficial effect of this fruit is manifested in cosmetology. Try to make such a mask, and you can see for yourself. The recipe for a healthy natural facial mask: add a few drops of olive oil and egg yolk to mashed avocado - the result will exceed your expectations. And the most interesting, the avocado fruit contributes to the production of serotonin in the human body - the "hormone of happiness." So every time you buy this fruit, you get a piece of happiness.